Education-A-Must Inc. is a nonprofit corporation providing advocate services for the child or youth with physical, emotional, behavioral, or learning disabilities. Our goal is to assist parents and caregivers in finding help for the child with special needs. EAM works with local, state and federal agencies to secure the necessary services and education for all who qualify.

Please be advised that at this time, Education-A-Must is no longer accepting new clients. If you feel advocacy services are needed, please feel free to call someone listed on our Advocate Resource Page or through Wrightslaw or COPAA.

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Spend the Summer getting your child’s file in order

It is summer and it is so tempting to sit back and relax.  But it is very important that you use this time to make sure you child’s special education file is in order.  Take this time to file all of the meeting minutes, progress reports, evaluations, and any other important documents into the three […]


Beat the IEP Uptights by Being Prepared

You’re probably saying to yourself that you have prepared for the IEP meeting. You have done your three-ring binder with all of the education records carefully placed into the right category.




A Step-by-Step Guide to Investing in the Biggest Entertainment Wave in Vung Tau

New laws have recently opened up property in Vietnam to expats, and it’s no surprise that foreigners with either resident or tourist visas can now dabble in property investment with a fifty-year lease hold, and can even extend that hold.
This makes opportunities for a prime piece of real estate, such as a Vung Tau condo in Kahuna Ho Tram, up for grabs, and prices are ever changing at auctions. So how do you start investing? Here’s a step-by-step guide to get you started on its ins and outs.

1. Check your finances.

List your assets and liabilities mean taking into account all your incomes as well as working out your expenses.
Once you know this, you will have a much clearer picture in how much you’re capable and/or willing to put in holiday resort investment.
When considering how much you can invest, you don’t have to worry too much as long as your income is stable and your employment history is solid.

Aside from checking, it’s important that you stay up-to-date, especially now that you can invest in condo units in Kahuna Ho Tram Strip and Kahuna Ho Tram Resort. Read business news and stay on the loop of the latest updates in the world of property investment and finance.

2. Get pre-approval.

Applying for a loan is usually how most purchases for real estate usually go through, as many upstart investors usually don’t have too much cash on hand to win the Kahuna Ho Tram auction.

Getting a pre-approval through your lender or your trusted mortgage broker can benefit you greatly if you’re not sure of your readiness to invest. One is enough – multiple pre-approvals will mean red flags to lenders who might refuse your application.

3. Set a goal.

What do you want to achieve? In order for you to achieve your goals, you must first know what they are as well as set a deadline for when you want to achieve these.

Preferably, you want to aim for an investment that will give you a good return in ten years or less. A Vung Tau condo, a beach villa for sale, or a villa beside golf course – these are all good investment choices in Vietnam, and these choices are all yours for the picking with Kahuna Ho Tram. For more info about property investment at Kahuna Ho Tram, visit http://www.kahunahotramresort.com/ to find out more.

4. Start budgeting for your goal.

It’s the only way to balance your income and expenses. Even though it doesn’t look fun or interesting, it allows you to see how much you can invest.

There are many ways as well as software to help you do this, and you should set this up beforehand when accomplishing step 1.

5. Establish a purchase plan.

When you invest in Kahuna Ho Tram Resort, consider that the property can increase in value depending on changes in the market, and could be trickier than other types of investments. Because of this, it’s important that you know your attitude towards risk to help you create an effective strategy.

Your purchase plan should facilitate your goals to produce what you’re aiming for. There are different ways that real estate investors make money. These are:

    • Cash flow income – Cash flow income can be generated from buying property, such as well-run units (i.e., car washes, apartment buildings, and rental houses), and operating it to collect a steady stream of income.
    • Real Estate-related income – Real estate brokers generate this income through commissions from buying and selling property or running the daily operations of an existing property.
    • Ancillary Real Estate Investment income – This kind of income can be a huge source of profit, as this is essentially running smaller businesses within larger investments.

6. Focus and stay informed.

Staying up to date in the world of real estate, especially in Vietnam, is important so that you can know the changes you need to take into account for making informed decisions. There are many sources online that you can use to help you focus on landing that beach villa for sale.

5 Warning Signs of Home Electrical Problems You Should Never Ignore

Electrical glitches, such as a burning odor, flickering lights, frequent electrical sparks, and other related issues often indicate home electrical problems. Home electrical problems give off early warning signs before they turn into a serious problem – so it pays a lot to pay attention to them.

For you and your family’s safety, it’s advised to familiarize yourself with the early symptoms of an electrical problem. Know what the red flags are and take immediate action when you find them. Being vigilant may enable you to protect your home from full-blown disasters brought by glitches in electrical works.

Regular assessment and repairs by a good electrician is necessary to prevent dangerous situations. Keep in mind that even a small electrical problem that might seem unimportant may lead to electrocution or massive property damage later.

Some homeowners opt to troubleshoot electrical issues in their residences themselves. Common electrical problems are often easy to remedy, especially if one has some background in basic electrician services. Even if you’re confident you know your way with wires, always follow safety protocols and practice caution.

However, knowledge over the basics can only do so much. Some technical problems need a proper diagnosis from a licensed electrician, as they are the only one with the expertise to properly handle electrical problems. Keep in mind that an electrician is well-trained on his/her area of expertise. Booking the help of an electrical services Singapore can help you fix your electrical issues.

If you notice or experience the following electrical problems, contact your local electrician services company to fix the issue before it does further damage to your person or property.

1. Electrical shocks

Electrical shocks generally come as an unpleasant surprise after plugging a wire in a socket or touching appliances. If you feel a mild shock or tingle every time you do so, the appliance may have a ground fault or improper electrical wiring. This is a dangerous electrical condition that can cause further damage if left unattended.

It’s encouraged to take every type of electrical shock seriously. Avoid touching electrical appliances such as plugged-in extension cords or electric blow dryers when your hand is wet. Dry your hands first to prevent any shock that may ensue.

If the shocks continue to happen frequently, it’s best to consider booking the assistance of a nearby electrician in Singapore. You wouldn’t want to risk the situation growing worse.

2. Circuit breaker problems

An electrical circuit can become overloaded; when this happens, the circuit breaker is designed to prevent the wires from overheating and possibly starting a fire after it shuts off the main electrical supply. However, even this safety measure can pose a problem when they become old.

Frequent circuit breaker tripping can suggest simple overloads. One way to test this is to plug the appliance in a different circuit. If the breaker trips occasionally, it’s in your best interests to seek the help of an electrician. Working your way inside an electrical panel requires expertise and skill – and it’s considerably unwise to risk ‘doing it yourself’ if you don’t have a solid background in electrician services.

Keep in mind that power may still enter the panel despite shutting off the main breaker. One simple mistake can cause overheating or fire, as this type of work isn’t meant for experimenting. Thus, it’s better to leave the job to an experienced professional.

3. Flickering lights

A staple of horror movies, flickering lights indicate a loose or defective light bulb. Although this can be averted by simply replacing the bulb, in some cases, the problem may still continue even after replacement. One fault might be because of the light fixture but this is not always the case. To address the problem, consult a skilled electrician nearby in Singapore.

Another common reason is a loose fixture connections or loose electrical wiring in the circuit breaker box. Either way, it’s ideal to book professional diagnosis to ensure a complete electrical repair.

4. Burning odor, sparks

Once you notice a burning odor emanating from any switch or outlets, turn off the electrical panel’s power immediately. It is also encouraged to contact an electrician for appropriate and necessary repairs as soon as the odor is noticed. The issue might be because of a faulty device or a wiring/overload problem which is highly urged to be resolved ASAP. It is also considerably a serious issue because it may indicate the beginning of an electrical fire.

Also, beware of large and frequent sparks every time you plug in a device. While occasional sparks are not unusual, its frequent occurrence may indicate a problem with the circuit or the outlet. If it is accompanied with a popping sound, it may be because a wire is loose.

5. Defective electrical outlets

Defective electrical outlets, along with light switches that only work intermittently, are also early signs of a home electrical problem. Common faults may be due to loosened wiring or internally cracked device. A loose plug in a receptacle can pose a serious problem to the residents of your house. The plug may partially fall out, and any unsuspecting person can end up accidentally receiving a nasty shock after unplugging the chord.

Have a skilled electrician inspect and assess your wiring at home to determine if there are any necessary repairs to be done as soon as possible.

Diagnosing these electrical problems may be tricky, so it’s better to seek assistance from an experienced professional. There are risks involved in wirings and electrical works. It’s always better to follow safety procedures and consult a nearby electrician to address the problems in your household.

*This list is compiled in no particular order.*

Congenital Heart Diseases in Children

A few children have defects in the heart’s structure present at birth. The most common heart diseases are found in the valves, arteries and veins, and the interior walls of the child’s heart.

As a result of a defect, there is abnormal flow from or to the heart. Some congenital heart defects can be treated, but others require special attention because they can be life-threatening. In some cases, even the best cardiologist in Singapore can only diagnose the illness after the child has been delivered.

Types of Congenital Heart Diseases

Some types of congenital heart diseases need surgical treatment from a heart surgeon while others are simple and show no symptoms. Below are the 11 types of congenital heart diseases.

Aortic Valve Stenosis

Aortic valve stenosis is commonly the result of bicuspid aortic valve defect, but is sometimes present in aging people when the valves are damaged. This condition is marked by the narrowing of the opening in the aortic valve, restricting the flow from the child’s left ventricle to the aorta. The narrow opening can also affect the pressure in the left atrium of the heart.

Coarctation of the Aorta

Also called aortic coarctation, it is the narrowing of the aorta responsible for carrying the fresh blood to other parts of the body. The narrow opening causes the heart to exert more effort in order to deliver the right amount of nutrients and oxygen to the rest of the child’s body. The heart screening doctor in Singapore might not detect the illness early because it sometimes doesn’t show symptoms until adulthood so it’s important to take the child to a cardiologist in Singapore if you suspect something.

Ebstein’s Anomaly

Ebstein’s or Ebstein anomaly manifests as an apical displacement of the septal and posterior tricuspid valve leaflets. Children with this illness experience fatigue, palpitations and even cardiac death and heart failure. It’s important to take the child to the nearest heart doctor that you trust to look at treatment options such as surgical treatment, transplantation, and medications.

Patent Ductus Arteriosus

This illness results in the failure of the fetal ductus to properly close. In some cases in Singapore, the illness isn’t detected until the person becomes an adult because some symptoms are mild. Patent ductus arteriosus is characterized by the constant communication of the pulmonary artery and the descending thoracic aorta. The blood flow comes from the descending aorta then goes from left to right until blood reaches the pulmonary artery. Others will need a heart surgeon to correct the defect.

Pulmonary Valve Stenosis

This is a type of disorder that affects the pulmonary valve which separates the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery. The result is that there is not enough blood that flows through the lungs because the opening is too narrow. Your cardiologist in Singapore point to genes as a factor in the development of this abnormality, so it’s important to have the child checked if the family has a history of heart problems.

Septal Defects

Septal defects, or more specifically ventricular septal defect, is the term for a hole in the wall that separates the lower chambers of the heart. It’s quite common among children and manifests in connection with another heart disease. The result is that the blood travels from the left ventricle to the right ventricle and will exit into the lung arteries. Both the hear and lungs have to work harder as a result.

Single Ventricle Defects

Children born with a lower heart chamber that is either underdeveloped or small or doesn’t have a valve are diagnosed with single ventricle defect. There are 3 types of this defect which can be determined using heart screening. Pulmonary atresia or intact ventricular septum means that the pulmonary valve isn’t present and the blood is therefore diverted to the lungs. Hypoplastic left heart syndrome is the underdevelopment of the child’s left side of the heart because the artery holes and septum are not normal. The opening of the left ventricle and aorta might also be small. Tricuspid atresia on the other hand means that the child has no tricuspid valve. The result is that no blood can flow from his or her body to the heart.

Tetralogy of Fallot

This is a type of illness that is a combination of four defects such as pulmonary stenosis, ventricular septal defect, right ventricular hypertrophy, and overriding aorta. Others also have atrial septal defect as an additional symptom. Infants with cyanosis or loud murmurs in the heart are examined especially when the baby was born with a patent ductus arteriosus. Symptoms of tetralogy of fallot include irritability, sleepiness and unresponsiveness. The cardiologist will determine if the child’s oxygen level is normal through heart screening tests before prescribing a treatment.

Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection

Called TAPVC, it manifests as an abnormality in the blood flow from the pulmonary veins to the systemic veins and/or right atrium. Sometimes there is a pulmonary venous obstruction. The result is that the systemic and pulmonary venous blood get mixed in the child’s right atrium. It sometimes causes an increase in the pulmonary blood flow while the left ventricle and left atrium receive less blood. It could trigger a pulmonary artery hypertension.

Transposition of the Great Arteries

This illness usually manifests when the fetus is still 8 weeks old. During the development, there is abnormality in the formation of the large blood vessels that are supposed to carry blood from the heart to the lungs and the rest of the body. The result is that the aorta is connected to the right ventricle while the left ventricle is connected to the pulmonary artery. The child therefore has a different heart anatomy than other normal kids.

Truncus Arteriosus

This very rare condition is caused by a single arterial trunk which comes from the ventricles formed by a single semilunar valve. This happens when there is incomplete septation of the embryo’s truncus arteriosus. This is a severe condition with a high mortality rate in infants that haven’t even reached the age of one year.

The Basics of Curtain Cleaning Methods

From steam cleaning to machine wash, cleaning your curtains can be a rather complex process to deal with. You have to put in effort and time which may make it a rigorous process in the long run. There are also lots of washing methods and products you have to deliberate upon and choose from. Regardless, you’ll be surprised to know that curtain cleaning can be rather easy once you only know how to approach the matter.

Curtains are typically made out of delicate material. They’re quick to absorb different smells from around the house, such as cigarette smoke and cooking aroma. This leaves them reek of unpleasant odor. Sometimes it may even be the cause for curtain discoloration. Some of these stains are notably visible especially on light-colored curtains.

However, the process of giving your curtains a wash doesn’t necessarily have to be difficult. You can opt to do the washing yourself if you have a washing machine at home, but you can always seek the assistance of commercial curtain cleaning services if you do not have time to personally attend to the matter. There are various cleaning shops scattered across Singapore which can help you solve your curtain dilemma.

Key Steps

    • Regular maintenance: You need to follow a regular cleaning schedule when it comes to washing your curtains. If you’re having it cleaned commercially, you can always have it done through curtain dry cleaning – which is one of the most famous options. But if you want to do it yourself, consider vacuuming your curtains every now and then when you have the chance. Make use of a soft brush to remove dust and dirt build-up on your curtains.

    • Delicate curtains: Curtains which are made of delicate material should be hand-washed, since it reduces the risk of shrinking. Your delicate curtains that need specialized curtain cleaning from Singapore may shrink once you put it in the washing machine, which in turn, may destroy its quality.

    • Lightweight curtains: If your curtains are made of lightweight material, you can have it cleaned using your washing machine at home. Handwashing it may also be a suitable curtain cleaning option if you want to thoroughly make sure it’s free of any stain or dirt.

    • Heavy fabric curtains: Curtains which are made of heavy fabric, on the other hand, are ideally to be steam cleaned. This helps you avoid dealing with a lengthy drying process. It may take a couple of days for heavy fabrics to completely dry up, after all.

Machine Wash

You may be able to clean your curtains through the use of a washing machine, but it all depends on the material of your curtains. Machine washing is generally considered to be a simple washing option. It is advised to use the delicate cycle option (if your machine has one), or if not, a cool wash with a slow spin is also a great alternative.

It’s generally fine to make use of your normal laundry detergent. However, if your curtain is made of delicate material, you may be better off using special products for washing. You can avail a number of different fabric-delicate detergents sold in Singapore. It is important to do your research first before putting your curtains inside the machine.

If you are particularly worried over the material, especially with the event of its shrinking, you can always hand wash your curtains instead. Don’t risk putting the curtains inside the machine if you’re not confident the material won’t shrink!

Hand Washing

Generally, handwashing is considered to be the safest option when it comes to cleaning your curtains. Curtain dry cleaning and all the other commercial options can only do so much. In hand washing the material, you can make use of your laundry detergent or a simple hand wash soap. Soaps, which are of the gentle variant, are ideal to use if you want to avoid damaging the material as much as possible.

You can follow the instructions of your product when it comes to the hand washing process. Note that different products may require different concentrations, though. It may be a much more rigorous chore compared to simply putting it inside the washing machine, but hand washing effectively reduces the likely risk of shrinking.

As a matter of fact, it is a perfect option for washing delicate materials such as drapes made out of 100 percent cotton.

Steam Cleaning

Branded as one of the most convenient washing choices, steam cleaning your curtains can be a great idea. This method is also among the most popular options in various commercial curtain cleaning services. Use a good steam cleaner that has an upholstery attachment to make your job a whole lot easier. Start from the top and work your way down the material.

If the curtain becomes wet in the middle of the cleaning process, hold the steamer far away from the material for a while. Always remember to be cautious when using a steam cleaner. Allot ample time to read the manufacturer’s instructions before you start the cleaning process, and make sure to wear protective clothing. Steam can burn you – and it’s better to be safe than sorry.

There’s no reason to grow intimidated over the complexities of curtain washing. Sure, there are a few options and special products for you to consider, but if you know the material type of your curtains then your task is made a whole lot easier. Research the appropriate washing methods for your curtains before you attempt on giving them a wash.

However, it is still always advisable to head over to the nearest commercial cleaning shop in Singapore if you want to make sure your curtains will be safe. Not only do you want them clean and smelling fresh, but you’d also want them to remain in their good condition.

How Often Does Your Dog Need Grooming?

Even with regular bathing and brushing, your dog will still need attention from a professional groomer in Singapore to make sure that you have not overlooked anything. Most owners after all still miss parasites, matted hair, nail care, and ear and oral care during the pet grooming sessions at home.


How often do you need to take your dog to a groomer? There are different factors to consider when determining how often it needs to have pet grooming services in Singapore, such as; dog breed, age, overall health, and other grooming issues.


  • Dog Breed

A dog’s breed often determines the type and length of coat. But pet grooming is not only limited to the small breeds that need fancy haircuts, because all dogs need to be routinely groomed several times a year. However, attempting to clean or cut matted fur by yourself often leads to disasters and cause more damage to your pet’s coat.


Generally, short-haired dogs need minimal grooming such as bathing and brushing annually, but short-haired double-coated dogs should be groomed four times annually. Double-coated long-haired dogs need pet grooming more often to prevent matting, but a pet with a thick undercoat should be groomed at least once every three months. Breeds with silky coats and wiry coats both need trimming every two or three months, while you need to groom a pet with curly and wavy coats every four to six weeks.


  • Dog’s Age

Dogs should be introduced to pet grooming in Singapore while they’re still young to learn that the process isn’t scary at all. However, you should also take into factor the level of activity of your dog and how often it is exposed to dirt and other elements.


Dogs who spend most of their time in the apartment will not need grooming as often as dogs who are active outdoors. That’s because bathing too often can also cause fungal or bacterial infections, skin irritation, and damages to the hair follicles. Grooming isn’t simply just applying shampoo and rinsing, after all.


  • Overall Health

If your dog has skin diseases or other pre-existing medical condition, you need to ask your veterinarian how often it needs pet grooming. If bathing is also part of a treatment, always follow the instructions to the letter.


You should also read the labels of the products used on your pet and give instructions to the groomer about your pet’s special needs, if any. A certified groomer in Singapore is your safest option, because they are trained to deal with most canine issues and they know how to deal with anxious or scared dogs.


  • Grooming Issues

To groom pet, most dog groomers only offer bathing, shaving, and trimming services and tend to overlook other grooming needs. Look for a groomer in Singapore that will also include nail care, ear care, oral care, whisker care, and anal gland care for a complete pet grooming package.


Proper nail trimming will reduce instances of joint problems and chipped nails, while oral and ear care will prevent gum diseases and ear infection, respectively. Whisker care on the other hand, is important among breeds with thick, matted fur. Lastly, grooming a pet’s anal glands will help prevent blockage in the secretion of scents, because the groomer will be able to tell you if your pet has a problem.

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